Type 2 diabetes was previously known as non insulin dependent or adult onset diabetes. It is also referred to as “silent disease,” as the person remains asymptomatic for many years.

It is a combination of insulin resistance in liver and muscle along with  impaired functioning of pancreas leading to insulin deficiency. This leads to hyperglycemia and is associated with central obesity, hypertension and elevated cholesterol levels.

Lack of exercise will also increases insulin resistance. Here, the symptoms are similar to type1 diabetes but are usually less noticed at the early phase  and hence it may be diagnosed many years even after the symptoms of complications have begun. Hence is critical to recognize diabetes in its early stages so that we can take proper action and therefore avoid deadly organ consequences.

Diabetes can cause a variety of long-term vascular complications, which are generally classified as microvascular or macrovascular. The majority of the diabetes-related burden is caused by macrovascular diabetes complications such as coronary heart disease, stroke, and peripheral vascular disease, along with microvascular complications such as end-stage renal disease (ESRD), retinopathy, and neuropathy, as well as lower-extremity amputations (LEA). Cancers, ageing-related outcomes (e.g., dementia), infections, and liver disease are all becoming increasingly common among diabetes patients.